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Chapter V

Organic, including symptomatic, mental disorders - F00-F09


This block comprises a range of mental disorders grouped together on the basis of their having in common a demonstrable etiology in cerebral disease, brain injury, or other insult leading to cerebral dysfunction. The dysfunction may be primary, as in diseases, injuries, and insults that affect the brain directly and selectively; or secondary, as in systemic diseases and disorders that attack the brain only as one of the multiple organs or systems of the body that are involved.

Dementia (F00-F03) is a syndrome due to disease of the brain, usually of a chronic or progressive nature, in which there is disturbance of multiple higher cortical functions, including memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement. Consciousness is not clouded. The impairments of cognitive function are commonly accompanied, and occasionally preceded, by deterioration in emotional control, social behaviour, or motivation. This syndrome occurs in Alzheimer's disease, in cerebrovascular disease, and in other conditions primarily or secondarily affecting the brain.

Use additional code, if desired, to identify the underlying disease.
  • F00* Dementia in Alzheimer's disease ( G30.-+ )
  • F01 Vascular dementia
  • F02* Dementia in other diseases classified elsewhere
  • F03 Unspecified dementia
  • F04 Organic amnesic syndrome, not induced by alcohol and other psychoactive substances
  • F05 Delirium, not induced by alcohol and other psychoactive substances
  • F06 Other mental disorders due to brain damage and dysfunction and to physical disease
  • F07 Personality and behavioural disorders due to brain disease, damage and dysfunction
  • F09 Unspecified organic or symptomatic mental disorder






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